Where is Huchuy Qosqo?
Huchuy Qosqo is located in the peasant community of the same name, a little less than 5 km from the city of Calca in the department of Cusco, in the Sacred Valley of the Incas; exactly on a summit at 570 m. above the Urubamba river basin (Vilcanota).
The route of Huchuy Qosqo is very beautiful; to cross its footpaths will allow you to visit some Andean communities, archaeological centers and to enjoy beautiful landscapes. Many people take the opportunity to visit Huchuy Qosqo on their way to Machu Picchu.
What does Huchuy Qosqo mean?
Huchuy Qosqo means “Little Cusco”, but it also has other names; one would be Qaqyaxaqixawana and another Qaqyaqhawana, this means “from where the rays are observed”; and without a doubt it is a good name since being 800 meters above the Sacred Valley of the Incas, gives you the opportunity to see the dramatic spectacle of lights and sound, at the moment in which rays and thunders descend from the sky to crash against the ground. Others say that the site was probably known in Inca times as “Caquia Jaquijahuana”.
Huchuy Qosqo Archaeological Complex (Qaqyaqawana)
The enclosure located in Huchuy Qosqo, is called Qaqyaqawana; a Quechua name that refers to the place where you look at the lightning. This archaeological site is located in the upper third of the mountain called Qaqya (thunder), and exhibits one of the most impressive works of topographical modification through the use of terraces, modulating the edges of precipices and vertical ravines over the Vilcanota Valley, culminating in platforms that were used as ceremonial esplanades, around which can still be found standing, several architectural structures made of stone and adobe. Materials used and worked with great criteria, achieving a fine finish.
In addition, the structures of the enclosure are distributed in such a way that they resemble it architecturally to the city of Cusco; it is for this reason that at the beginning of the XX century it receives the name of Huchuy Qosqo (small Cusco).
One of the most outstanding characteristics of this archeological site is the use of lithic material combined with adobe and mud. This demonstrates the knowledge and mastery of different construction materials, used with high technology, especially adobe, the walls built of this material, centuries old, even defy the strong climatic inclemency of the area, seismic movements and of course the passage of time.
What to see in Huchuy Qosqo (Qaqyaqawana)?
Here is a list of what you can see in Huchuy Qosqo; at the moment you do not need a ticket, or pay to enter Huchuy Qosqo.
A structure of three levels (floors), the first two in the form of regular polyhedrons, and the last plant made of adobe. The enclosure is of rectangular form and of enormous architectural invoice.
A long rectangular building made of adobe on an eminent platform, this building has a large number of doors facing the valley.
You will find many other smaller, scattered enclosures, most of which are in a poor state of repair. Very close to these ruins, you will find an Inca trail oriented to Cusco, an Inca trail oriented to Cusco. Also some small loose enclosures like outposts and surveillance located at the edge of the precipice, with the purpose of having the greater possible visual field, of the valley.